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Human Trafficking

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Justice System Response

Publications & Multimedia

The following resources are a sample of available topical materials released in recent years. See the Publications section of our site for additional resources.

Attorney General's Annual Report to Congress on U.S. Government Activities to Combat Trafficking in Persons
U.S. Department of Justice, Annual Report

2020 Report on U.S. Government Efforts to Combat Trafficking in Persons
U.S. Department of State, October 2020

United States Advisory Council on Human Trafficking Annual Report 2020
United States Advisory Council on Human Trafficking, July 2020

Notes from the Field: Reducing the Need for Victim Testimony in Human Trafficking Cases
National Institute of Justice, June 2020

Notes from the Field: Emphasizing a Victim-Centered Approach in Human Trafficking Prosecutions
National Institute of Justice, May 2020

Notes from the Field: Collaboration Is Key in Human Trafficking Investigations
National Institute of Justice, March 2020

Failing Victims? Challenges of the Police Response to Human Trafficking?
National Institute of Justice-Sponsored, July 2019

Failure to Appear: Domestic Minor Sex Trafficking Victims Experience With the Juvenile Justice System and their Readiness to Change
National Institute of Justice, January 2019

Sex Trafficking of Minors: The Impact of Legislative Reform and Judicial Decision Making in Metropolitan and Non-Metropolitan Communities
National Institute of Justice-Sponsored, September 2018

Federal Prosecution of Human-Trafficking Cases, 2015
Bureau of Justice Statistics, June 2018

Alternative Forms of Justice for Human Trafficking Survivors: Considering Procedural, Restorative, and Transitional Justice
National Institute of Justice-Sponsored, March 2018

Comparing Narratives of Justice: How Survivors, Criminal Justice Stakeholders, and Service Providers Perceive Justice in Human Trafficking Cases
National Institute of Justice-Sponsored, March 2018

Delivering Justice for Human Trafficking Survivors: Implications for Practice
National Institute of Justice-Sponsored, March 2018

Justice in Their Own Words: Perceptions and Experiences of (In)Justice Among Human Trafficking Survivors
National Institute of Justice-Sponsored, March 2018

Federal Prosecution of Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children Cases, 2004-2013
Bureau of Justice Statistics, October 2017

Just Science Podcast: Just Case Studies: Episode 22: From Teeth to Trafficking
National Institute of Justice-Sponsored, October 2017

Human Trafficking: Investigations in Indian Country or Involving Native Americans and Actions Needed to Better Report on Victims Served
U.S. Government Accountability Office, September 2017

Safe Harbor: State Efforts to Combat Child Trafficking
Office for Victims of Crime-Sponsored, April 2017

The Vicarious Trauma Toolkit
Office for Victims of Crime, April 2017

National Strategy to Combat Human Trafficking
U.S. Department of Justice, January 2017

Related Resources

COPS Office Resources Hub: Human Trafficking
This collection of COPS Office resources highlights promising practices that law enforcement can use to address human trafficking.

Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI): Human Trafficking
The FBI works to protect and defend the United States against terrorist and foreign intelligence threats and to enforce the criminal laws of the United States, including human trafficking.

President's Interagency Task Force to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons
A cabinet-level entity created by the Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 2000, this task force consists of 19 agencies across the federal government responsible for coordinating U.S. government-wide efforts to combat trafficking in persons.

U.S. Department of Justice: Child Exploitation and Obscenity Section (CEOS)
CEOS works to combat incidences of child exploitation and the trafficking of women and children.

U.S. Department of Justice: Human Trafficking
This website highlights Department of Justice activities associated with the prevention of human trafficking, efforts to better serve trafficking victims, and collaborations to more efficiently investigate and prosecute traffickers.

U.S. Department of Justice: Human Trafficking Prosecution Unit (HTPU)
HTPU prosecutors work closely with Assistant United States Attorneys and law enforcement agencies to streamline fast-moving trafficking investigations, ensure consistent application of trafficking statutes, and identify multijurisdictional trafficking networks.

U.S. Department of State: Human Smuggling and Trafficking
Diplomatic Security Service (DSS) special agents, investigators, and analysts work in more than 270 U.S. embassies and consulates in more than 170 countries, frequently putting DSS at the epicenter of transnational criminal investigations, including those involving human smuggling and trafficking. DSS field offices throughout the United States partner with U.S. federal, state, and local law enforcement agencies on multi-agency anti-trafficking task forces to investigate these crimes.

U.S. Department of State: Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons
The Trafficking Victims Protection Act (P.L. 106-386), adopted in October 2000, provides the tools to combat trafficking in persons, both worldwide and domestically. The Act authorized the establishment of the Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons.

U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE): Human Trafficking
The mission of the ICE Human Trafficking Unit is to identify, both domestically and internationally, criminal individuals and organizations involved in human smuggling and trafficking and destroy their ability to operate by using the full range of resources, capabilities, and authorities available to ICE.

U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE): Project STAMP
Project STAMP attacks human smuggling and human trafficking organizations from an aggressive anti-money laundering stance. ICE's Office of Homeland Security Investigations follows money trails to identify key members of criminal organizations involved in human smuggling/human trafficking activity.