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An official website of the United States government, Department of Justice.

Human Trafficking

Special Feature
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Victims and Service Providers

How to Report Trafficking

If you believe you are the victim of a trafficking situation or have information about a potential trafficking situation, contact the National Human Trafficking Hotline. Specialists are available 24 hours a day, seven days a week, every day of the year. Report a tip or request services using the following means:

If you or someone you know is in immediate danger, call 911.

Multimedia

About the Human Trafficking Capacity Building Center
In this Office for Victims of Crime video, learn how the Human Trafficking Capacity Building Center can help your organization or tribe start, sustain, or grow its anti-trafficking work.

Blue Campaign Awareness Videos
Developed as part of the U.S. Department of Homeland Security's Blue Campaign, videos are available to help spread awareness of the signs and indicators of human trafficking.

Faces of Human Trafficking
Developed by the Office for Victims of Crime, this video series and resource guide raise awareness of the seriousness of human trafficking, the many forms it takes, and the important role that everyone can play in identifying and serving victims. Videos, discussion guides, fact sheets, and posters are available.

A Healing Journey for Alaska Natives
This educational series, produced by the Office for Victims of Crime and the Office on Violence Against Women, is designed for federal, state, local, and tribal victim service providers, criminal justice professionals, and others who work with Alaska Native victims of domestic violence, sexual assault, and human trafficking.

Publications

The following resources are a sample of available topical materials released in recent years. See the Publications section of our site for additional resources.

Attorney General's Annual Report to Congress on U.S. Government Activities to Combat Trafficking in Persons
U.S. Department of Justice, Annual Report

Violence and Victimization Research Division's Compendium of Research on Violence Against Women, 1993-2018
National Institute of Justice, November 2020

2020 Report on U.S. Government Efforts to Combat Trafficking in Persons
U.S. Department of State, October 2020

Outcomes for Human Trafficking Survivors: Development Brief
National Institute of Justice-Sponsored, January 2020

Outcomes for Human Trafficking Survivors: User Guide
National Institute of Justice-Sponsored, January 2020

Human Trafficking Outreach Toolkit
Office for Victims of Crime-Sponsored, July 2020

United States Advisory Council on Human Trafficking Annual Report 2020
United States Advisory Council on Human Trafficking, July 2020

TIMS Snapshot Report, July 2018–June 2019: Services for Victims of Human Trafficking
Office for Victims of Crime, April 2020

Trauma-Informed Care for Survivors of Human Trafficking: A State of the Field in 2019
Office for Victims of Crime-Sponsored, January 2020

Evaluation of a Service Provision Program for Victims of Sex Trafficking
National Institute of Justice-Sponsored, March 2019

Failure to Appear: Domestic Minor Sex Trafficking Victims Experience with the Juvenile Justice System and their Readiness to Change
National Institute of Justice, January 2019

Assessing the Under-Reporting of Minor Victim Sex Trafficking
National Institute of Justice-Sponsored, December 2018

OVC Fact Sheet: Action Research
Office for Victims of Crime, May 2018

General Tips for T Visas for Victims of Severe Form of Trafficking in Persons
Office for Victims of Crime-Sponsored, April 2018

Human Trafficking: An Overview of Services and Funding for Survivors
Office for Victims of Crime-Sponsored, April 2018

Physical Presence on Account of Trafficking: Eligibility Requirement for T Visa Applicants
Office for Victims of Crime-Sponsored, April 2018

Alternative Forms of Justice for Human Trafficking Survivors: Considering Procedural, Restorative, and Transitional Justice
National Institute of Justice-Sponsored, March 2018

Comparing Narratives of Justice: How Survivors, Criminal Justice Stakeholders, and Service Providers Perceive Justice in Human Trafficking Cases
National Institute of Justice-Sponsored, March 2018

Delivering Justice for Human Trafficking Survivors: Implications for Practice
National Institute of Justice-Sponsored, March 2018

Justice in Their Own Words: Perceptions and Experiences of (In)Justice Among Human Trafficking Survivors
National Institute of Justice-Sponsored, March 2018

Capturing Human Trafficking Victimization Through Crime Reporting
National Institute of Justice-Sponsored, 2018

Human Trafficking Victims with Disabilities or Mental Illness
Office for Victims of Crime-Sponsored, 2018

Understanding the Perspective of the Victim: Recognizing the Complexity of Sex Trafficking Situations
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention-Sponsored, October 2017

Human Trafficking: Investigations in Indian Country or Involving Native Americans and Actions Needed to Better Report on Victims Served
U.S. Government Accountability Office, September 2017

Federal Strategic Action Plan on Services for Victims of Human Trafficking in the United States: Fiscal Year 2016 Status Report
Office for Victims of Crime, August 2017

The Vicarious Trauma Toolkit
Office for Victims of Crime, April 2017

National Strategy to Combat Human Trafficking
U.S. Department of Justice, January 2017

Related Resources

Office for Victims of Crime (OVC)
OVC was established by the 1984 Victims of Crime Act to oversee diverse programs that benefit victims of crime. See OVC's Human Trafficking site for news, resources, and more related to human trafficking and the efforts of OVC and other agencies to prevent incidents of trafficking and to support services to victims of human trafficking.

Office for Victims of Crime Training and Technical Assistance Center (OVC TTAC)
The mission of OVC TTAC is to bridge the gap among knowledge, experience, and victim assistance practice to help the still-evolving victim assistance field successfully meet the challenges of an increasingly complex service delivery environment. OVC TTAC offers both online and onsite training and technical assistance opportunities.

Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP): Human Trafficking Resources
This section of the OJJDP website provides information about labor and sex trafficking of persons and presents resources to help victims.

Office on Violence Against Women (OVW)
OVW provides national and international leadership on legal and policy issues regarding violence against women, including trafficking in persons and worker exploitation.

President's Interagency Task Force to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons
A cabinet-level entity created by the Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 2000, this task force consists of 15 agencies across the federal government responsible for coordinating U.S. government-wide efforts to combat trafficking in persons.

U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS): Victims of Human Trafficking & Other Crimes
USCIS helps protect victims of human trafficking and other crimes by providing immigration relief.

U.S. Department of Health & Human Services: Office of Refugee Resettlement (ORR)
ORR helps refugees and other special populations (such as adult victims of severe forms of trafficking) obtain economic and social self-sufficiency in the United States.

U.S. Department of Health & Human Services: Office on Trafficking in Persons (OTIP)
The mission of OTIP is to combat human trafficking by supporting and leading systems that prevent trafficking through public awareness and protect victims through identification and assistance, helping them re-build their lives and become self-sufficient.

U.S. Department of Homeland Security: Blue Campaign
The Blue Campaign works to combat human trafficking through enhanced public awareness, victim assistance programs, and law enforcement training and initiatives.

U.S. Department of Justice: Human Trafficking
This website highlights Department of Justice activities associated with the prevention of human trafficking, efforts to better serve trafficking victims, and collaborations to more efficiently investigate and prosecute traffickers.