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School Climate, Student Engagement, and Academic Achievement: A Latent Variable, Multilevel Multi-Informant Examination

NCJ Number
AERA Open Volume: 4 Issue: 4 Dated: 2018 Pages: 1-17
Tim Konold; Dewey Cornell; Yuane Jia; Marisa Malone
Date Published
17 pages

This study tested the theory that schools characterized by high structure and student support have greater levels of student engagement and that these factors are associated with higher academic achievement, as indicated by school graduation rates and school performance on state-mandated testing.


The model was tested through a multilevel, multi-informant structural model on a Virginia statewide sample of 60,441 students and 11,442 teachers in 298 high schools. Consistent with the authoritative school climate model, both structure and student support were associated with higher student engagement in schools. Moreover, student engagement was directly associated with academic achievement and operated as an intervening factor. Results provide new evidence that an authoritative school climate is associated with high school academic achievement. 1 table 2 figures, 97 references, and appended study instruments (publisher abstract modified)