National Institute of Justice Examines Long-Term Effects of Suspension and Expulsion
WASHINGTON – The Office of Justice Programs’ National Institute of Justice today published an article describing how an NIJ-funded study revealed that zero-tolerance school discipline policies can have long-term negative effects on students, particularly those in certain demographic groups.
Conducted by the Center for Court Innovation, the study examined New York City school student suspensions in the 2011-12 and 2012-13 school years and found that excluding students from school, through suspension or expulsion, can negatively impact them later in life. If they were male, Black, Hispanic, disabled or poor, the study found that, once excluded from school, they were more likely to face further discipline or justice system involvement. Researchers noted that developments since the 2011-2013 study period reflect significant change in schools’ approach to discipline in New York City and elsewhere.
The research described in this article is based on the grantee report School Discipline, Safety, and Climate: A Comprehensive Study in New York City (2019), by L. Ayoub, E. Jensen, T. Sandwick, D. Kralstein, J. Wonsun Hahn, and E. White.
TITLE: Student Suspensions Have Negative Consequences, According
to NYC Study
AUTHOR: National Institute of Justice
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The Office of Justice Programs provides federal leadership, grants, training, technical assistance and other resources to improve the nation’s capacity to prevent and reduce crime, advance racial equity in the administration of justice, assist victims and enhance the rule of law. More information about OJP and its components can be found at www.ojp.gov.