Journal of Forensic Sciences Volume: 57 Issue: 2 Dated: March 2012 Pages: 434-442
The present study aims to develop population-specific, sex-differentiating anthropometric standards for the mastoid process of North Indian skulls.
Determination of sex from fragmentary crania is a critical problem in forensic anthropology. Osteometric analysis of mastoid can serve forensic anthropologists better in sex identification by virtue of the noticeable dimorphic characteristics. The present study aims to develop population-specific, sex-differentiating anthropometric standards for the mastoid process of North Indian skulls. Eight parameters of the mastoid region were measured on 138 adult crania (M/F 104:34, 22-65 years) and analyzed using SPSS 16.0. All parameters showed significant sexual dimorphism (p less than 0.000). In stepwise analysis, asterion-mastoidale and mastoid breadth have provided an accuracy of 87 percent. Receiver operating characteristic curves were obtained for each variable to observe their overall performance in sex determination. Posterior end of incisura mastoidea-depression of suprameatal triangle was found to be the best variable with maximum area under curve and highest predictive accuracy (82.6 percent). Abstract published by arrangement with John Wiley & Sons.
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