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Aggressive Policing and the Mental Health of Young Urban Men

NCJ Number
249269
Journal
American Journal of Public Health Volume: 104 Issue: 12 Dated: December 2014 Pages: 2321-2327
Author(s)
Amanda Gellar; Jeffrey Fagan; Tom Tyler; Bruce G. Link
Date Published
December 2014
Length
7 pages
Annotation
This study surveyed young men on their experiences of police encounters and subsequent mental health.
Abstract
The study found that participants who reported more police contact also reported more trauma and anxiety symptoms, associations tied to how many stops they reported, the intrusiveness of the encounters, and their perceptions of police fairness. The intensity of respondent experiences and their associated health risks raise serious concerns, suggesting a need to reevaluate officer interactions with the public. Less invasive tactics are needed for suspects who may display mental health symptoms and to reduce any psychological harms to individuals stopped. Between September 2012 and March 2013, the authors conducted a population-based telephone survey of 1,261 young men aged 18 to 26 years in New York City. Respondents reported how many times they were approached by New York Police Department officers, what these encounters entailed, any trauma they attributed to the stops, and their overall anxiety. Data were analyzed using cross-sectional regressions. (Publisher abstract modified)

Date Published: December 1, 2014