Prosecutors, judges, and court personnel are continuously looking for new approaches to clearing cases, decreasing dockets and preventing recidivism. Throughout the U.S., experts have found that crimes involving drugs, gun violence and mentally ill and disabled populations respond to special efforts to help hold accountable the individuals who have committed the crime, while also ensuring those individuals return to the community with the services and supervision they need to help them stop their negative behavior. Local court personnel may choose methods unique to their communities to meet these needs, and the Office of Justice Programs (OJP) is committed to providing the resources, tools, and support needed to help them test their ideas.
Through various funding opportunities, research, and more, OJP is working to provide critical information and resources to court personnel and to support programs.
Programs & Initiatives
Following are examples of programs and initiatives from OJP and the OJP program offices related to this topic:
- Drug Courts
- Justice and Mental Health Collaboration Program
- National Drug Court Resource Center
- Tribal Civil and Criminal Legal Assistance Program
Also see the Courts page on the CrimeSolutions website for ratings of related programs.
Training & Technical Assistance
Visit the following sites to learn about training and technical assistance services from and supported by OJP program offices:
Frequently Asked Questions
The Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA) website provides access to information about programs and efforts aimed at improving the justice system's response to people with mental illness. Following are examples of BJA-supported efforts:
The Global Justice Information Sharing Initiative serves as a Federal Advisory Committee (FAC) and advises the U.S. Attorney General on justice information sharing and integration initiatives. It represents more than thirty independent organizations spanning the spectrum of law enforcement, judicial, correctional, and related bodies. For further information, visit the Global Justice Information Sharing Initiative website.
The National Juvenile Court Data Archive (Archive) houses the automated records of cases handled by courts with juvenile jurisdiction. The Archive was established by the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) to promote access to automated juvenile court data sets, which include information for juvenile justice research and policymaking efforts.
Additionally, Easy Access to Juvenile Court Statistics (EZAJCS) was developed to facilitate independent analysis of national estimates of delinquency cases processed by the nation's juvenile courts. EZAJCS allows users to perform unique analyses on the age, sex, and race of juveniles involved in these cases as well as the referral offense, the use of detention, adjudication and case disposition.