The number of adults supervised by the U.S. correctional system dropped for the ninth consecutive year in 2016. At yearend 2016, approximately one in every 38 adults in the United States was under some form of correctional supervision. More than two-thirds (69 percent) of the correctional population were supervised in the community at year-end 2016. (Source: Bureau of Justice Statistics, Correctional Populations in the United States, 2016, April 2018).
See the Current Funding Opportunities page to learn about opportunities available from the OJP program offices related to this and other topics. Also see Grants.gov for opportunities from other federal agencies.
- Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA): Corrections Programs
- National Parole Resource Center
- Prison Rape Elimination Act
- Public Safety Officers’ Benefits (PSOB) Program
- Reentry Resource Center
Training and Technical Assistance
Visit the following sites to learn about training and technical assistance services from and supported by OJP bureaus/offices and other federal agencies:
The Offender Reentry section of the National Institute of Justice (NIJ) website and the Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA)-supported National Reentry Resource Center website capture a number of resources, articles, and more related to offender reentry. Also visit the Reentry/Release section of NIJ's CrimeSolutions website for access to important research on the effectiveness of a variety of reentry programs and practices.
For information about juvenile reentry, see these resources from the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention:
- In Focus: Juvenile Reentry
- Reentry Starts Here: A Guide for Youth in Long-Term Juvenile Corrections or Treatment Programs
- Model Programs Guide: Implementation Guide: Juvenile Reentry Programs
You can find additional information and resources in our Reentry Special Feature.
Statistics on the number of juveniles that are incarcerated can be found in the Juveniles in Corrections section of the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) Statistical Briefing Book website. For additional information and resources, see the Juvenile Justice topic page.
According to Juvenile Offenders and Victims: 2014 National Report, a report funded by the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP): "There is no national recidivism rate for juveniles. Each state's juvenile justice system differs in organization, administration, and data capacity. These differences influence how states define, measure, and report recidivism rates. This also makes it challenging to compare recidivism rates across states." In addition, view the report Measuring and Using Juvenile Recidivism Data To Inform Policy, Practice, and Resource Allocation and Core Principles for Reducing Recidivism and Improving Other Outcomes for Youth in the Juvenile Justice System, which are sponsored by OJJDP and the Bureau of Justice Assistance.
Also see Measuring Juvenile Recidivism an online interactive resource from the Pew Charitable Trusts' Public Safety Performance Project.
You may also wish to conduct a search of the Abstracts Database, which contains a number of reports on recidivism at the state level. Also see the recidivism data collection from the Bureau of Justice Statistics.