Corrections refers to the supervision of persons arrested for, convicted of, or sentenced for criminal offenses. Correctional populations fall into two general categories: institutional corrections and community corrections. Correctional officers play a pivotal role in protecting public safety. They separate individuals convicted of crimes from communities as they serve out their sentences, and they also help those who have completed their sentences to live law-abiding lives through a variety of reentry services.
Through various funding opportunities, research, and more, the Office of Justice Programs (OJP) is working to provide critical information and resources to corrections personnel and to support corrections programming.
Programs & Initiatives
Following are examples of programs and initiatives from OJP and the OJP program offices related to this topic:
- National Parole Resource Center
- National Reentry Resource Center
- Prison Rape Elimination Act
- Public Safety Officers’ Benefits (PSOB) Program
Training & Technical Assistance
Visit the following sites to learn about training and technical assistance services from and supported by OJP program offices:
Frequently Asked Questions
The Reentry section of the National Institute of Justice website and the Bureau of Justice Assistance-supported National Reentry Resource Center website capture a number of resources, articles, and more related to the reentry of individuals to their communities. Also visit the Corrections & Reentry section of the CrimeSolutions website for access to important research on the effectiveness of a variety of reentry programs and practices.
For information about juvenile reentry, see these resources from the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention:
- Youth Reentry and Family Engagement
- Reentry Starts Here: A Guide for Youth in Long-Term Juvenile Corrections or Treatment Programs
- Model Programs Guide: Implementation Guide: Juvenile Reentry Programs
You can find additional information and resources in our Reentry Special Feature.
Information about and access to findings from Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) recidivism studies is available on the Recidivism and Reentry section of the BJS website. Also see BJS's Prisoner Recidivism Data Analysis Tool, which you can use to calculate recidivism rates for persons released from state prisons in 2005.
- Evaluating the Effectiveness of Correctional Education
- The Use and Impact of Correctional Programming for Inmates on Pre- and Post-Release Outcomes
- How Effective Is Correctional Education, and Where Do We Go From Here? The Results of a Comprehensive Evaluation
- The Effects of Postsecondary Correctional Education