U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government, Department of Justice.

Census of Tribal Justice Agencies in Indian Country, 2002

NCJ Number
Date Published
December 2005
105 pages
Steven W. Perry
Publication Series
Publication Type
This report presents detailed information gathered on tribal law enforcement agencies, tribal courts and services, and criminal record systems from the 2002 Census of Tribal Justice Agencies in American Indian jurisdictions.
This project represents one of several components of BJS’ ongoing program to improve justice statistics and criminal history record information systems in Indian country. The report includes data on the number of law enforcement agencies and officers; characteristics of tribal courts and their caseloads; types of available criminal sanctions; and criminal justice statistics data collection and sharing capacity. The census collected data from nearly 350 tribes in the continental U.S. and is the first comprehensive effort to identify the range of justice agencies operating in tribal jurisdictions, the services those agencies provide, and the types of information systems maintained. Highlights from the 2002 Census of Tribal Justice Agencies include the following: (1) 165 of the 314 responding tribes employed one or more full-time sworn officers with general arrest powers; (2) an estimated 59 percent (188) of the 314 tribes had some form of judicial system; and (3) about 23 percent (71) of the responding tribes provided their own detention function. About two-thirds relied on local or county agencies to provide a jail or detention facility. Tables
Date Created: December 17, 2009