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Characteristics of Suspected Human Trafficking Incidents, 2008-2010

NCJ Number
Date Published
April 2011
12 pages
Duren Banks; Tracey Kyckelhahn
Publication Series
This report - the second in a Bureau of Justice Statistics series on the characteristics of human trafficking investigations, suspects, and victims - focuses on case outcomes, including suspect arrests and the visa status of confirmed victims; and it describes the characteristics of incidents entered into the Human Trafficking Reporting System (HTRS) by the federally funded task force beginning in 2008.
Federally funded task forces opened for investigation 2,515 suspected incidents of human trafficking between January 2008 and June 2010. Approximately 8 in 10 of the cases were classified as sex trafficking, and approximately 1 in 10 cases were classified as labor trafficking. Among the 389 cases confirmed to be human trafficking by task forces, there were 488 suspects and 527 victims. Sixty-two percent of the confirmed labor trafficking victims were age 25 or older compared to 13 percent of confirmed sex trafficking victims. Confirmed sex trafficking victims were more likely to be White (26 percent) or Black (40 percent), and labor trafficking victims were more likely to be Hispanic (63 percent) or Asian (17 percent). Eighty-three percent of victims in confirmed sex trafficking cases were U.S. citizens, and 67 percent of confirmed labor trafficking victims were undocumented aliens or qualified aliens (28 percent). Eighty-one percent of human trafficking suspects were male. Sixty-two percent of confirmed sex trafficking suspects were Black, and confirmed labor trafficking suspects were more likely to be Hispanic (48 percent). Among trafficking cases opened for at least 1 year, 30 percent were confirmed to be human trafficking; 38 percent were confirmed not to be human trafficking, and the remaining incidents were still open at the end of the study period. The confirmed human trafficking cases open for at least a year led to 144 known arrests. 10 tables and 5 figures

Date Created: November 12, 2012