DOJ launched CTAS in 2010 to improve the flexibility of its grant process in order to better serve the criminal justice needs of federally recognized tribes. Under CTAS, tribes and tribal consortia can, for the first time, submit a single application for most of DOJ's tribal grant programs. CTAS enables tribes and DOJ to have a better understanding of the tribes' overall public safety needs. CTAS is not a program, but is rather an overarching structure under which 10 separate grant program applications are submitted. "Area 4" of the 10 areas of CTAS is the "Tribal Justice System Infrastructure Program" (TJIP), which is administered by DOJ's Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA). The TJIP was established to further DOJ's efforts to assist tribes in developing effective strategies for the cost-effective renovation, expansion, or replacement of existing facilities used for the incarceration and rehabilitation of juvenile and adult offenders under Tribal jurisdiction. TJSIP funding can also be used to complement efforts to implement provisions of the Tribal Law and Order Act and the Violence Against Women Reauthorization Act of 2013 by improving justice system infrastructure. BJA partners with the University of North Dakota Tribal Judicial Institute (UND TJI) and Nisqually Construction to provide technical assistance for grant recipients under the TJSIP. This Fact Sheet also provides information on funding and eligibility under TJSIP, as well as suggested strategies for cost-effective infrastructure. development for Tribal justice systems.