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Correctional Populations in the United States, 1993, Executive Summary

NCJ Number
Date Published
This summary of data on correctional populations in the United States for 1993 encompasses the number and characteristics of persons in jails, on probation, in prisons, and on parole.
Local jails held an estimated 456,000 adults, or approximately 1 in every 419 adult U.S. residents, on June 30, 1993, a 3.4-percent increase over the jail population a year earlier. The jail incarceration rate among blacks was almost six times that of whites; a small number of jails held a disproportionate share of all inmates. Increasing jail capacity kept pace with the growing population, and jail staff increased at a faster rate than inmates. Annual jail expenditures exceeded $9.6 billion. More than 2.8 million adults were on probation on December 31, 1993; probationers composed 58 percent of all adults under correctional supervision in 1993. The number of adults on probation increased by 1.1 percent between year-end 1992 and 1993. An estimated 909,000 men and women were in the custody of State and Federal prisons at year-end 1993; approximately 94 percent of inmates were men; 48 percent were white, and 51 percent were black. An estimated 671,000 adults were on parole at year-end 1993, an increase of 2.0 percent from 1992. 1 table and 2 figures
Date Created: July 5, 2018