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Correctional Populations in the United States, 1995

NCJ Number
Date Published
May 1997
221 pages
This report presents 1995 data on trends in U.S. correctional populations, jail inmates, probation, State and Federal correctional facilities, prisoners, parole, capital punishment, and U.S. military corrections.
An estimated 5.4 million adults were under some form of correctional supervision in 1995. Seven in every 10 of these people were on probation or parole. Approximately 2.8 percent of the U.S. adult resident population was under correctional care or supervision in 1995, up from 1.6 percent in 1985. Local jails held an estimated 499,300 adults, or about 1 in every 389 adult U.S. residents, on June 30, 1995. The total number of adults in jail increased by an estimated 19,500 inmates during the year ending June 30, 1995, or 4.1 percent. An estimated 1.1 million men and women were in the custody of State and Federal prisons at the end of 1995; approximately 94 percent of all prisoners were men; 48 percent were white, and 50 percent were black. The number of prisoners increased by 9 percent during 1995, the equivalent of 88,400 inmates. Nearly 3.1 million adults were on probation on December 31, 1995, a 3.9-percent increase from 1994; and an estimated 700,000 adults were on parole at the end of 1995, an increase of 1.4 percent from 1994. Extensive tables and a subject index

Date Created: July 5, 2018