These eight papers review the state of knowledge about the origins, nature, consequences, and futures of changes in seven criminal justice boundaries over the past century, including increasing privatization and use of civilians in policing, the blurring line between juvenile and adult justice, and changing responses to domestic assault.
Other issues examined include the changing boundaries between Federal and local law enforcement, the changing interface between the courts and corrections, the internationalization of criminal justice, and community justice as a new conceptual framework. These papers form one volume of a four-volume series sponsored by the National Institute of Justice (NIJ) through a competitive solicitation designed to produce a comprehensive, scholarly examination and analysis of the current status of criminal justice. The introductory paper in this volume explains that various boundaries that define the shape and texture of laws, policies, jurisdictions, values, and aspirations have shifted across the century and that these shifts have sometimes been beneficial and sometimes harmful. The analyses of seven boundary issues base their observations and conclusions on the available literature and identify specific topics that need further research. The discussions also aim to improve understanding of the dynamics of boundary changes themselves and how the amorphous commingling of contemporary economic, political, social, and philosophical issues will shape the boundary debates of the coming years. Figures, tables, appended list of the contents in the other three volumes in the Criminal Justice 2000 series, and chapter notes and reference lists
Best Practice/State-of-the-Art Review
Date Published: July 1, 2000