The publications are in the languages of Chinese, Dutch, German, Italian, Japanese, Korean (Republic of Korea), Russian, Swedish, and Ukrainian. The research is categorized according to the following topics: cybercrime practices defined; cybercrime tools and methods; cybercrime differentiated from traditional crime; cybercrime's threat to government data system; the link to terrorism; privacy protection; government and law enforcement response; and relevant laws and conventions. Because of the importance of their findings, some of the studies included in the bibliography have been published by government agencies and nonacademic research institutes. A review of the research studies listed concludes that there is a consensus among researchers in the countries represented that cybercrime is global and is increasing and diversifying rapidly. These analysts are also concerned that many governments have failed to address cybercrime effectively. Laws intended to counter cybercrime are either outdated or in conflict with other criminal statutes. An appendix lists additional source material identified in the review of cybercrime research.