U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government, Department of Justice.

Dot gov

Official websites use .gov
A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States.

Https

Secure .gov websites use HTTPS
A lock ( ) or https:// means you’ve safely connected to the .gov website. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites.

D.A.R.E. Program: A Review of Prevalence, User Satisfaction, and Effectiveness

NCJ Number
184319
Date Published
Agencies
NIJ
Publication Series
Annotation
This paper reviews the prevalence, user satisfaction, and effectiveness of the Drug Abuse Resistance Education (D.A.R.E.) program.
Abstract
The school-based D.A.R.E. program has been widely adopted throughout the country. The program is distinctive in that it uses trained, uniformed police officers in the classroom and is a combination of local control and centralized coordination. The program’s appeal cuts across racial, ethnic, and socioeconomic lines, and there is considerable support for its expansion. Fifty-two percent of school districts nationwide have adopted the program in one or more of their schools. Support for D.A.R.E. is strong among students, school staff, parents, community representatives, and law enforcement agencies. The program has increased students’ knowledge about substance abuse and enhanced their social skills. Its effects on attitudes toward drugs, toward police, and on self-esteem have been more modest. Its short-term effects on substance abuse by fifth- and sixth-graders were small. Only the findings for tobacco use were statistically significant. D.A.R.E. may benefit from using more interactive strategies and emphasizing social and general competencies. Notes
Date Created: November 21, 2007