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Drug Use, Dependence, and Abuse Among State Prisoners and Jail Inmates, 2007-2009

NCJ Number
Date Published
June 2017
27 pages
Jennifer Bronson; Jessica Stroop; Stephanie Zimmer; Marcus Berzofsky
Publication Series
Publication Type
Statistics, Report (Study/Research), Report (Grant Sponsored), Program/Project Description
Based on the U.S. Justice Department's Bureau of Justice Statistics' (BJS') 2007-09 National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH), this report presents data on drug use, dependence, and abuse among State prisoners and jail inmates for this period, comparing it to the prevalence of drug dependence or abuse in the general population (age 18 or older); and the demographics of prison and jail inmates with drug dependence are reported, along with drug treatment prevalence.
Fifty-eight percent of State prisoners and 63 percent of sentenced jail inmates met the criteria for drug dependence or abuse during 2007-09, as defined by the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition (DSM-IV). In comparison, approximately 5 percent of the total general population age 18 or older met the DSM-IV criteria for drug dependence or abuse during this period. Overall, both State inmates (63 percent) and jail inmates (64 percent) regularly used marijuana/hashish more than any other drugs prior to incarceration. This was followed by cocaine/crack (24 percent of State inmates and 38 percent of jail inmates). Fewer State inmates (42 percent) and Jail inmates (37 percent) reported using drugs at the time of their offense. Sixty-nine percent of female State inmates and 72 percent of jail inmates met the DSM-IV criteria for drug dependence or abuse, compared to 57 percent of males in State prison and 62 percent of jail inmates. Drug dependence for State inmates and jail inmates is also reported by inmate age and race/ethnicity (Hispanics and non-Hispanic White or Black inmates). Twenty-eight percent of State inmates and 22 percent of sentenced jail inmates who met the criteria for drug dependence or abuse participated in a drug treatment program since admission to their current facility. 1 table
Date Created: June 27, 2017