This study evaluated recidivism as a process and focused on the ability of dynamic factors to predict post-release outcomes.
Findings from this study on the ability of dynamic factors to predict post-release outcomes include the following: adequate reliability was established for the self-report and rating measures used in the study, however due to the unstable nature of the dynamic factors, convergent validity for selected rated measures was not achieved; the dynamic variables did not improve the study's ability to predict failure as compared to the predictive ability of static variables; and changes in dynamic functioning were not associated with changes in community outcomes. Data for this study were obtained from a sample of male offenders, n=133, paroled from correctional facilities between June 11, 2008, and January 31, 2011. A seven-wave data collection procedure was used to measure participants' level of criminal risk and assess their post-release outcomes. Analysis of the data indicates that dynamic factors do not contribute to the predictive powers of static variables, and that changes in offenders dynamic functioning are not associated with changes in post-release outcomes. Study limitations are discussed. Tables and references
- The Recursive Relationship Between Substance Abuse, Prostitution, and Incarceration: Voices From a Long-Term Cohort of Women
- Revalidation of the First Step Act Risk Assessment: A Test of Predictive Strength, Dynamic Validity, and Racial/Ethnic Neutrality
- Involuntary Out-patient Commitment and Reduction of Violent Behavior in Persons with Severe Mental Illness