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Federal Criminal Appeals, 1999, With Trends 1985-99

NCJ Number
185055
Date Published
April 2001
Length
7 pages
Author(s)
John Scalia
Agencies
BJS
Publication Series
Publication Type
Statistics
Annotation
This paper examines federal criminal appeals, 1999, with trends, 1985-99.
Abstract
The paper describes the increase in the appellate caseload as a result of challenges to the sentence imposed. Following implementation of the Federal Sentencing Reform Act, which opened the sentencing process to appellate review, the number of criminal appeals filed doubled. Most appeals are filed by the defendant. The paper also describes characteristics of district court cases that resulted in appellate action such as the proportion of defendants who originally pleaded guilty; the type of counsel representing the defendant; the sentence imposed; and the sentence in effect following successful appeals. Highlights include the following: 95 percent of appeals were filed by the defendant; 5 percent by the government; the criminal appeal rate peaked during 1993 to 23 appeals filed for every 100 convictions. Since 1993, the appeal rate has decreased to 16 per 100 conventions; of the criminal appeals concluded during 1999, 77 percent were terminated on the merits. District court decisions were at lease partially affirmed in 85 percent of these cases. Tables, figures
Date Created: December 17, 2009