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Federal Justice Statistics, 2015-2016

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Federal justice statistics for 2015-2016 address arrests overall, drug arrests, defendant characteristics, and various means of federal correctional control.
Overall, from fiscal year (FY) 2015 to FY 2016, federal arrests decreased 1 percent, from 153,478 arrests to 151,460 arrests. Just over half (58 percent) of all federal arrests in FY 2016 occurred in the five judicial districts along the U.S.-Mexico border, which was an increase from the 45 percent recorded in FY 2006. Nearly 8 in 10 (77 percent or 115,881) federal arrests in 2016 were for immigration, drug, or supervision violations. Forty-five percent of federal arrests in FY 2016 were for an immigration offense as the most serious arrest offense, followed by drug offenses and supervision violations (16 percent each). From 2015 to 2016, federal arrests increased for weapons violations by 8 percent, and supervision violations were up 6 percent, including violations of bail, failure to appear, and post-custody community supervision; however, arrests for property offenses declined 11 percent; 4 percent for immigration offenses; and less than 1 percent for drug offenses. In FY 2016, 41 percent of defendants charged in all U.S. district courts were not U.S. citizens; 30 percent were Mexican citizens; 5 percent were from Central America; and 6 percent were citizens of other foreign nations. Five percent charged in federal district courts in FY 2016 were legal aliens, and 36 percent were illegal aliens. Of the nearly 380,000 persons under federal correctional control at the end of FY 2016, 59 percent were in secure confinement, and 41 percent were under community supervision. At the end of FY 2015, 392,212 persons were under federal correctional control (60 percent in secure confinement, and 40 percent on community supervision). 9 tables and 7 figures
Date Created: January 18, 2019