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HIV in Prisons and Jails, 1993

NCJ Number
Date Published
August 1995
11 pages
P M Brien; C W Harlow
Publication Series
Based on data obtained from local jail administrators, the departments of corrections of the 50 States and the District of Columbia, and the U.S. Bureau of Prisons, this report provides information on the prevalence and response to HIV in prisons and jails in 1993.
State prisons reported that 2.6 percent of inmates were HIV positive; Federal prisons reported 1.2 percent. Nine States had 500 or more inmates known to be HIV positive at the end of 1993. The highest percentage of prisoners infected with HIV was in the Northeast (7.4 percent of all State prisoners in that region), followed by the South (2.1 percent), Midwest (1.1 percent), and the West (0.8 percent). After 1991, when the Bureau of Justice Statistics first reported these numbers, HIV cases increased from 17,551 to 21,538 prison inmates, from 2.2 percent to 2.4 percent of the prison population. In 1993, 4.2 percent of female prison inmates in reporting States were HIV positive, up from 3.0 percent in 1991. Among male State prison inmates, the percentages were 2.5 percent in 1993 and 2.2 percent in 1991. At mid-year 1993 an estimated 1.8 percent of all local jail inmates were known to be HIV positive. In the Nation's largest jails, 2.9 percent of inmates were HIV positive. There were 89 AIDS-related deaths per 100,000 State prison inmates during 1993, and 15 such deaths per 100,000 local jail inmates from mid-year 1992 to mid-year 1993. Fifteen States and the Bureau of Prisons tested all inmates for the presence of HIV, either on admission or at release; two more States and the District of Columbia tested random samples. All other States tested selected inmates, such as high-risk groups or those presenting clinical symptoms. 10 tables

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