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Jail Inmates in 2017

NCJ Number
Date Published
April 2019
18 pages
Zhen Zeng
Publication Series
This report presents statistics on the inmate population in city and county jails in the United States at midyear 2017, with trends shown for the years 2005-2017; in addition to the jail population, statistics cover jail incarceration rates, inmate characteristics, jail time, jail capacity, and jail staffing.
At midyear 2017, U.S. jails held 745,200 inmates, down from 780,200 at midyear 2007. The jail incarceration rate declined from 259 inmates per 100,000 U.S. residents at midyear 207 to 229 per 100,000 at midyear 2017, a 12-percent decrease. In 2017, males were incarcerated in jails at a rate of 394 per 100,000 male U.S. residents. This was 5.7 times that of females (69 per 100,000 female U.S. residents). The male jail incarceration rate declined from 448 per 100,000 male residents in 2005 to 394 per 100,000 in 2017, a 12-percent decrease. There were 10.6 million admissions to jails in 2017, a 19-percent decline from 2007. The estimated average time spent in jail in 2017 was 30 days. The rated capacity of jails was 915,100 beds at midyear 2017. An estimated 81 percent of jail beds were occupied in 2017, down from 95 percent in 2005. From 2005 to 2017, the jail incarceration rate for Whites increased 12 percent, and the rate for Blacks decreased 23 percent. Jails employed 225,700 full-time staff at midyear 2017, and the inmate-to-correctional-officer ratio was 4.2 to 1. 21 tables and 3 figures

Date Created: April 25, 2019