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Local Police Departments, 1993

NCJ Number
Date Published
April 1996
25 pages
B. A. Reaves
Publication Series
Publication Type
In 1993, the Bureau of Justice Assistance surveyed a nationally representative sample of the more than 17,000 State and local law enforcement agencies as part of its Law Enforcement Management and Administrative Statistics Program.
The survey found that local police departments had an estimated 474,072 full-time employees as of June 30, 1993, 3 percent more than in 1990. This total reflected 373,554 sworn personnel, including approximately 230,000 uniformed police officers whose regularly assigned duties involved responding to service calls. About 80 percent of U.S. residents were served by local police departments at either the municipal or the county level, and there were about 21 full-time local police officers for every 10,000 residents served. For fiscal year 1993, local police departments had total operating expenditures of $24.3 billion, compared to $20.6 billion in 1990, a 6 percent increase after controlling for inflation. Operating expenditures averaged $62,600 per sworn police officer, $48,200 per employee, and $131 per resident. Women comprised 8.8 percent of full-time local police officers in 1993, compared to 8.1 percent in 1990 and 7.6 percent in 1987. Black police officers accounted for 11.3 percent of the total in 1993, compared to 10.5 percent in 1990 and 9.3 percent in 1987. About 12 percent of local police departments required new recruits to have at least some college education in 1993, compared to about 6 percent in 1990. Approximately 85 percent of local police departments authorized regular field officers to use semiautomatic sidearms, one-third required regular field officers to wear protective body armor while on duty, and nearly all authorized the use of impact or nonlethal weapons. In addition to traditional law enforcement duties, some local police departments were responsible for court-related functions such as providing court security and serving the civil process. Finally, two-thirds of local police departments used computers in 1993, compared to half in 1990. 39 tables and 6 figures
Date Created: September 7, 2011