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Local Police Departments, 1993 Executive Summary

NCJ Number
Date Published
April 1996
2 pages
B. A. Reaves
This summary of data on local police departments for 1993 addresses the number of police personnel, police-citizen ratio, personnel qualifications and training, police firearms, use of body armor, the use of nonlethal weapons, and police responsibilities.
As of June 30, 1993, local police departments in the United States had an estimated 474,072 full-time employees, 3 percent more than in 1990. A total of 373,554 were sworn personnel, including approximately 230,000 uniformed officers whose regularly assigned duties included responding to calls for service. Approximately 80 percent of U.S. residents were served by a local police department; approximately 21 full-time local police officers served every 10,000 residents. Women comprised 8.8 percent of all full-time local police officers in 1993, compared to 8.1 percent in 1990 and 7.6 percent in 1987. Black officers accounted for 11.3 percent of the total in 1993, compared to 10.5 percent in 1990. Twelve percent of local police departments required new officer recruits to have at least some college education in 1993, compared to about 6 percent in 1990. The average number of training hours required of new local police officer recruits in 1993 ranged from over 1,100 hours in departments serving a population of 100,000 or more, to under 500 in those serving fewer than 2,500 residents. Information is also provided on the percentage of departments that participated in a 911 emergency telephone system during 1993, as well as the percentage using computers in 1993. 3 figures

Date Created: September 7, 2011