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Mortality in Local Jails, 2001-2016 - Statistical Tables

NCJ Number
Date Published
February 2020
30 pages
E. Ann Carson; Mary P. Cowhig
Based on data from the Bureau of Justice Statistics' data collection on Mortality in Correctional Institutions (MCI), this report presents data on deaths in local jails for the years 2000-2016, along with causes of death and the demographics of decedents.
In 2016, a total of 1,071 inmates died in local jails, a 1.9-percent decrease from the 1,092 deaths reported in 2015. This was the first decrease in deaths among local jail inmates since 2011. On average, about half of all deaths in local jails from 2006 to 2016 were due to illnesses, notably heart disease, liver disease, and cancer. From 2006 to 2016, suicide was the leading single cause of death in local jails each year; it accounted for nearly one-third of jail deaths in 2016, followed by heart disease. About 40 percent of inmate deaths in 2016 occurred within the first 7 days of admission to jail. The mortality rate for White jail inmates in 2016 (240 deaths per 100,000 White inmates) was more than double the rate for Black inmates (118 deaths per 100,000 Black inmates) and almost triple the rate for Hispanic inmates (87 deaths per 100,000 Hispanic inmates). The mortality rate of jail inmates in 2016 (149 deaths per 100,000 inmates) was similar to the mortality rate of jail inmates in 2000 (151). 19 tables and 1 figure

Date Created: February 12, 2020