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Physical Matching of Metals: Grain Orientation Association at Fracture Edge

NCJ Number
Journal of Forensic Sciences Volume: 60 Issue: S1 Dated: January 2015 Pages: S66-S75
Date Published
January 2015
10 pages
The objective of this study was to examine whether surface crystal orientation can be used to associate or differentiate metal fracture fragments.
This study showed that for transgranular fracture, it is feasible that pieces of grains could be associated across the fracture surface with the difference in orientation between grains (misorientation) along a length sequence of grain orientations on one side of the fracture surface to associate the other side of a fracture surface. Regarding pair comparisons of crystals on fracture surfaces, it was estimated that the probability for an ordered sequence of six distinct oriented grains along a fracture surface to occur again is about 1 in 4.82 (10)30 or 2.07 (10)−31. The orientations of individual crystals and crystals across the fracture plane were measured on polished steel and iron alloy surfaces using Electron Backscattered Diffraction/ Orientation Imaging Microscopy (EBSD/OIM). This investigation examined crystallographic characteristics within a metal. (Publisher abstract modified)

Date Published: January 1, 2015