As required by the federal Prison Rape Elimination Act of 2003 (PREA), the U.S. Justice Department's Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) presents its 2020 activities in conducting a comprehensive statistical review and analysis of the incidence and effects of rape in U.S. prisons.
The PREA also specifies that the statistical review be based on a random sample, or other scientifically appropriate sample, of not less than 10 percent of all federal, state, and county prisons and a representative sample of municipal prisons. In complying with these PREA requirements, BJS has developed a data-collection strategy that involves multiple measures and modes. This 2020 report presents data and developmental activities for each BJS data collection system for 2019 and 2020. One of the data-collection systems is the National Survey of Youth in Custody (NSVC), which provides facility-level estimates of youth who report sexual victimization in juvenile facilities. By June 30, 2020, BJS will publish supplemental tables to the report, Sexual Victimization Reported by Youth in Juvenile Facilities, 2018. These tables will provide additional information on incidents that occurred in facilities identified by the NSYC-3 to have high victimization rates. A second BJS PREA-related data collection system is the National Inmate Survey (NIS), which collects data on the prevalence and incidence of sexual assault in adult prisons and local jail facilities as reported by state prisoners and local jail inmates. Updated developmental and methodological activities of the NIS are described in the current report. A third BJS PREA-related data-collection system is the Survey of Sexual Victimization (SSV), which has been conducted annually by BJS since 2004. This survey collects information on alleged and substantiated incidents recorded by correctional authorities each calendar year. In addition to 2020 data-collection activities reported by each of the aforementioned data- collection instruments for 2020, plans for 2021 are also reported. A listing of previously released reports