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Prisoners in 2019

NCJ Number
Date Published
October 2020
38 pages
E. Ann Carson
Publication Series
Publication Type
Statistics, Report (Annual/Periodic)
This report presents statistics on the number of sentenced prisoners in state and federal prisons for 2019, trends in these statistics from 1989 through 2019, the 2019 imprisonment rate by race/ethnic groups and by type of crime, and inmate data for private facilities and juveniles.
The total prison population in the United States declined from 1, 464, 400 at year end 2018 to 1,430,800 at year-end 2019, a 2-percent decrease. This was the fifth consecutive annual decrease of at least 1 percent in the prison population. At year-end 2019, the prison population had declined 11 percent from its peak of 1,615,500 prisoners in 2009. In the decade from 2009 to 2019, the imprisonment rate fell 29 percent among Black residents, 24 percent among Hispanic residents, and 13 percent among White residents. Among sentenced state prisoners at year-end 2018 (the most recent data available), a larger percentage of Black (62 percent) and Hispanic (62 percent) prisoners than White Prisoners (48 percent) were serving time for a violent offense. At the end of fiscal year 2019, 46 percent of sentenced federal prisoners were serving time for a drug offense (99 percent for drug trafficking), and 8 percent were imprisoned for a violent offense. An estimated 14 percent of sentenced state prisoners were serving time for murder or non-negligent manslaughter at year-end 2018, and 13 percent were serving time for rape or sexual assault. Public and private adult prisons held 653 prisoners age 17 or younger at year-end 2019, an 11-percent decrease from the 230 held at year-end 2018. 23 tables and 1 figure
Date Created: October 22, 2020