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Prisoners in 2019

NCJ Number
255115
Author(s)
E. Ann Carson
Date Published
October 2020
Length
38 pages
Publication Series
Annotation
This report presents statistics on the number of sentenced prisoners in state and federal prisons for 2019, trends in these statistics from 1989 through 2019, the 2019 imprisonment rate by race/ethnic groups and by type of crime, and inmate data for private facilities and juveniles.
Abstract

This report is the 94th in a series that began in 1926. It provides counts of prisoners under the jurisdiction of state and federal correctional authorities in 2019 and includes findings on admissions, releases, and imprisonment rates. It describes demographic and offense characteristics of state and federal prisoners.

  • The number of prisoners under state or federal jurisdiction decreased by an estimated 33,600 (down 2%) from 2018 to 2019, and by 184,700 (down 11%) since 2009, the year that the number of prisoners peaked in the United States.
  • In 2019, the imprisonment rate fell for the 11th consecutive year, hitting its lowest point since 1995.
  • The imprisonment rate fell 3% from 2018 to 2019, and 17% from 2009 to 2019.
  • From 2009 to 2019, the total imprisonment rate fell 29% among black residents, 24% among Hispanic residents, and 12% among white residents.

Date Published: October 1, 2020