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Probation and Parole Violators in State Prison, 1991

NCJ Number
Date Published
August 1995
18 pages
R L Cohen
Publication Series
Based on a national survey in which personal interviews were conducted with 13,986 inmates in 277 State correctional facilities nationwide, this report provides data and information on inmates who reported in 1991 that at the time they committed their offense, they were either on probation or parole.
Thirty-five percent of State prison inmates in 1991 were convicted of a new offense that they had committed while they were on probation or parole from a previous sentence; 10 percent of the inmates had been returned to prison for technically violating the conditions of their probation or parole. Probation and parole violators comprised 30 percent of all the offenders in State prison for a violent crime; probation and parole violators comprised 56 percent of inmates incarcerated for property offenses, 41 percent for drug offenses, and 85 percent of those in prison for public-order offenses. Collectively, probation and parole violators committed 90,639 violent crimes while under supervision in the community. More than one in four probation and parole violators were in prison for conviction for a violent crime. Fifty-five percent of probationers and parolees reported that, in the month before their current offenses, they were using drugs. Twenty-one percent of probation and parole violators imprisoned for a new offense reported having a firearm while under supervision. Of probation and parole violators who owned or possessed a handgun in the month before arrest, almost three out of every four were armed when they committed their current offense. Between 1975 and 1991, the number of parole and other conditional-release violators entering State prisons increased from 18,000 to 142,000, twice the rate of growth of offenders newly committed from courts. 2 figures, 16 tables

Date Created: December 17, 2009