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School Climate and Violence: Does Immigrant Status Matter?

NCJ Number
Youth Violence and Juvenile Justice Volume: 13 Issue: 4 Dated: October 2015 Pages: 299-322
Date Published
October 2015
24 pages

This study extends previous school-based studies by examining whether and to what extent school context is differentially predictive of violent delinquency for immigrant and non-immigrant youth.


A substantial body of prior research has demonstrated the significant positive effect of organizational procedural justice on institutional policy compliance; however, research on the antecedents of organizational procedural justice is just beginning to emerge in the criminal justice literature. Due to the potential for institutional deviance and the importance of rule adherence among individuals in positions of authority, the current study investigated correctional officers' procedural justice perceptions. Results from hierarchical linear regression indicate that the ability to have a say in decisions, a sense that institutional rules are impartial, and perceptions that management leads through motivation and encouragement significantly increased correctional officers' perceptions of procedural justice. Implications and directions for future research are discussed. (Publisher abstract modified)

Date Published: October 1, 2015