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State Prosecutors' Offices with Jurisdiction in Indian Country, 2007

NCJ Number
Date Published
June 2011
6 pages
This report presents selected findings from the Bureau of Justice Statistics' (BJS) 2007 National Census of State Prosecutors.
Criminal jurisdiction in Indian country is divided among Federal, State, and tribal governments. Jurisdiction in a specific incident depends on the nature of the offense, whether the offender or victim was a tribal member, and the State in which the crime occurred. Findings show that 93 State court prosecutors' offices in the 16 P.L. 280 States reported jurisdiction for felonies committed in Indian country under P.L. 280; 73 percent of offices with jurisdiction in Indian country reported prosecuting at least one felony case committed in Indian country; most offices in P.L. 280 States prosecuted at least one offense involving drugs (63 percent), domestic violence (60 percent), or aggravated assault (58 percent); eighteen offices in mandatory P.L. 280 States with jurisdiction for Indian country prosecuted at least one rape, and 12 offices prosecuted a homicide; of State prosecutors' offices that reported jurisdiction for felony cases in Indian country under P.L. 280, 70 percent served judicial districts with populations of less than 100,000 residents; and finally, offices with jurisdiction for felony crimes committed in Indian country had an average operating budget of $5.2 million in 2007. Tables and figures

Date Published: June 1, 2011