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The Student Created Aggression Replacement Education program: A Cross-Generational Application

NCJ Number
Date Published
96 pages

This paper reviews the literature on anger, aggression, the relationship between anger and aggression, and types of intergenerational programming as well as their effectiveness and role in public policy; it also reports on an intergenerational program, the Student Created Aggression Replacement Education program, analyzes the data and study results, and discusses the findings.


This paper reports on a study that had two objectives: first, it sought to expand upon findings of previous research demonstrating the Student Created Aggression Replacement Education (SCARE) program’s effectiveness by assessing its impact when delivered by volunteer senior citizen trainers; second, it examined possible changes that occur among the senior citizen volunteer trainers as a result of their participation in the project. The study used a sample of 194 adolescents who were randomly assigned within classrooms to an experimental or a nonspecific-treatment control condition, and 71 senior citizen volunteers were self-selected as either trainers for the project or non-trainers as subjects for the control condition. The author collected pre, post, and follow-up measures of anger and aggression from the adolescents; they were assessed via Multivariate Analysis of Variance and Analysis of Variance. The author also assessed psychosocial development at pre, post, and follow-up from the senior citizens by way of Multivariate Analysis of Covariance. Results indicated that post-test, students exposed to the SCARE program reflected significantly lower levels of aggressive attitudes than control group students, and the change was maintained at follow-up. Results regarding the effects of participation on the senior citizens reflected that the trainers had significantly higher levels of the positive outcome at post-test than the non-trainers, however that change was not maintained at the follow-up. The results of the study affirmed the utility of the SCARE program as well as the cross-generational programming.

Date Published: January 1, 2000