This study examined the impact of terrorist threats on one aspect of police performancethe clearance of police files.
In recent years, scholars and police practitioners have become increasingly concerned with the possible impacts of terrorism on police performance. Some scholars have argued that increased terrorist threats will reduce resources that are devoted to ordinary policing functions such as solving crimes, and that anti-terrorism functions may overshadow traditional police activities. Others have suggested that heightened surveillance due to terrorist threats could have unintended crime prevention benefits. Using Israel during the Second Intifada (2000-04) as a case study, the current study analysed the impact of level of terrorist threat, while controlling for other possible confounding factors, separating out communities that are primarily Jewish or Arab. The analyses suggest that terrorist threats have a significant impact upon police performance, although that impact varies strongly by type of community. Higher levels of threat are associated with lower proportions of cleared cases in the majority Jewish communities, and higher proportions in the majority Arab communities. Tables, figures, and references (Published Abstract)