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Tribal Crime Data-Collection Activities, 2020

NCJ Number
Date Published
July 2020
9 pages
Steven W. Perry
Publication Series
Publication Type
Statistics, Program/Project Description
As mandated under the Tribal Law and Order Act (TLOA) of 2010, the federal Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) presents fiscal year (FY) 2020 crime data-collection activities for the approximately 326 federally recognized tribal lands in the continental United States, with an estimated population of 4.6 million persons, of which 23 percent are American Indian or Alaska Native (AIAN).
Data and data- collection activities are reported for the Census of Tribal Law Enforcement Agencies, the Survey of Jails in Indian Country, American Indian and Alaska Native inmates in local jails operated by city and county authorities, the recidivism of American Indian and Alaska Native state prisoners released in 2005, and federal statistics on AIANs convicted in U.S. federal courts for FY 2012-2016. Data are also reported on funding to improve tribal participation in national records and information systems, and features of the Indian Country Justice Statistics webpage. This report indicates that during FY 2020, BJS completed data collection for the 2019 Census of Tribal Law Enforcement Agencies, with a response rate of 92 percent. From FY 2016 to FY 2019, BJS awarded four grants totaling $755,867 to tribes for the improvement and automation of their criminal-history records and databases. In 2018, the local jail incarceration rate for AIANs was nearly double the national rate. Among AIAN state prisoners released across 30 states in 2005, about 44 percent were rearrested with 1 year of release, 69 percent within 3 years, and 85 percent within 9 years. 3 tables and a listing of previously published BJS reports related to tribal crimes and criminal justice.
Date Created: July 30, 2020