U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government, Department of Justice.

Using Family Mapping Tools To Enhance Outcomes for Tribal Members Under Community Supervision

NCJ Number
Date Published
February 2015
12 pages
This fact sheet presents an overview of two family tools that assist in visualizing connections within families and the connections families have to their community resources, and it also provides ideas for tribal probation officers about how to incorporate these family mapping tools into their work.
One of the tools, called a genogram, is essentially a family tree that shows the origins and interconnections of family members and the nature of various relationships between members of the family. It is important that the probationer and his/her family have an active role in creating the genogram. An example is provided of a completed genogram. The genogram can act as a catalyst to assist probationers in identifying patterns of behavior in their families that they would like to change and also identify strengths in the family that can support them during their supervision. Common information about people depicted in a genogram is outlined. The second tool described is an ecomap. An ecomap is a visual representation of resources available outside of the family. This is more than just a list of resources, as it can display links as well as conflicts between service providers and highlight the need for coordination. As probationers describe the various service providers with whom they interact, probation officers may find it useful to write down the names and numbers of key contacts next to each circle as a quick reference. An example of a completed ecomap is provided. Details are provided on how to construct and use these tools for the benefit of probationers and the development of individualized treatment plans. 2 figures

Date Published: February 1, 2015