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Violence by Intimates: Analysis of Data on Crimes by Current or Former Spouses, Boyfriends, and Girlfriends

NCJ Number
Date Published
March 1998
57 pages
L A Greenfeld; M R Rand; D Craven; P A Klaus; C A Perkins; C Ringel; G Warchol; C Maston; J A Fox
Publication Type
This report summarizes the statistical information about violence committed against intimates from 1976 through 1996 that is currently available and is based on information obtained from victims, law enforcement agencies, hospital emergency departments, and those convicted of crimes against intimates.
For the purposes of this study, intimates were defined as "those with whom the offender had a relationship as a current or former spouse or boyfriend or girlfriend." The kinds of violent crimes examined ranged from murder to simple assault. Findings show that in 1996 just over 1,800 murders were attributable to intimates; nearly 3 out of 4 of these had a female victim; in 1976 there were nearly 3,000 victims of intimate murder. The decline over the past two decades was larger for spousal killings, compared to the killings of other intimates. There has been a sharp decrease in the rate of intimate murder of men, especially black men. The number of intimate murders with guns has declined; however, in 1996, 65 percent of all intimate murders were committed with a firearm. In 1996 women experienced an estimated 840,000 rape, sexual assault, robbery, aggravated assault, and simple assault victimizations at the hands of an intimate, down from 1.1 million in 1993. Intimate violence against men did not vary significantly from 1992 to 1996. In 1996 men were victims of approximately 150,000 violent crimes committed by an intimate. Data are also provided on reporting to the police, police response, presence of children, treatment of injuries, and incarcerated offenders against intimates. Extensive figures and tables
Date Created: December 16, 2009