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Violent Offenders in State Prison: Sentences and Time Served

NCJ Number
Date Published
July 1995
12 pages
A J Beck; L A Greenfield
Publication Series
Publication Type
This paper presents the findings from a Bureau of Justice Statistics' survey that obtained information on sentences and time served by violent offenders in State prisons for 1992-94.
For 1992, 1993, and 1994, 49 States and the District of Columbia provided information on violent offenders who were admitted to or released from prison. Correctional authorities provided data on the number of violent offenders admitted or released, the average total maximum sentence, the average minimum time to be served by incoming prisoners, and the average time served in prison and jail for released inmates. This information permits calculation of the percentage of sentence served or to be served. Data show that from 1992 through 1994, over a quarter million violent offenders were admitted to prison from sentencing courts. Based on admissions data for 1992-94, violent State inmates had an average sentence of approximately 10 years and were expected to serve slightly less than 5 years on average. Overall, the percentage of sentence to be served rose from 44 percent to 48 percent between 1992 and 1994. A total of 40 jurisdictions reported in all 3 years for the average sentence and the time served for released violent offenders. Most States also included in the average time served any credit for time spent in a local jail before trial or after conviction. Among released inmates, the average sentence for a violent crime was approximately 8 years, and the average time served was about 3 1/2 years, or just under half of their total maximum sentence. 3 tables
Date Created: December 28, 2009