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What Do We Really Know About the Prevalence of Restrictive Housing? Illuminating the "Dark Figure" of the Most Extreme Forms of Incarceration

NCJ Number
Criminal Justice and Behavior Volume: 49 Issue: 6 Dated: 2022 Pages: 891-910
Date Published
20 pages

This study discusses different forms of restrictive housing (RH) in the US corrections system.


This study discusses different forms of restrictive housing (RH) and their prevalence in the US corrections system as well as the implications of the findings for the study of RH uses and impacts and for policy. A signature feature of the get-tough era in American corrections has been the proliferation of restrictive housing (RH). Although sometimes equated with solitary confinement, this housing encompasses a variety of distinct forms of incarceration. They are unified by an emphasis on restricted movement and privileges—yet vary in their design and uses. Despite that fact, little is known about the prevalence of different forms of housing. To address this research gap, the authors use a case study of Florida policy and administrative records data to illuminate the variety of RH types and the varying prevalence of each.

Date Published: January 1, 2022