U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government, Department of Justice.

NCJRS Virtual Library

The Virtual Library houses over 235,000 criminal justice resources, including all known OJP works.
Click here to search the NCJRS Virtual Library

Accurate and Lightweight Image Super-Resolution With Model-Guided Deep Unfolding Network

NCJ Number
Q. Ning; et al
Date Published
13 pages

This paper presents and advocates an explainable approach toward SISR named model-guided deep unfolding network (MoG-DUN).


Deep neural networks (DNNs) based methods have achieved great success in single image super-resolution (SISR). However, existing state-of-the-art SISR techniques are designed like black boxes lacking transparency and interpretability. Moreover, the improvement in visual quality is often at the price of increased model complexity due to black-box design. Targeting at breaking the coherence barrier, the current project opted to work with a well-established image prior named nonlocal auto-regressive model and use it to guide our DNN design. By integrating deep denoising and nonlocal regularization as trainable modules within a deep learning framework, we can unfold the iterative process of model-based SISR into a multistage concatenation of building blocks with three interconnected modules (denoising, nonlocal-AR, and reconstruction). The design of all three modules leverages the latest advances including dense/skip connections as well as fast nonlocal implementation. In addition to explainability, MoG-DUN is accurate (producing fewer aliasing artifacts), computationally efficient (with reduced model parameters), and versatile (capable of handling multiple degradations). The superiority of the proposed MoG-DUN method to existing state-of-the-art image SR methods including RCAN, SRMDNF, and SRFBN is substantiated by extensive experiments on several popular datasets and various degradation scenarios. (Publisher Abstract)