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Addressing Community Gang Problems: A Model for Problem Solving

NCJ Number
Date Published
August 1997
55 pages
A model is presented to assist local communities in addressing gang problems by focusing on a comprehensive strategy for preventing and controlling drug trafficking and related violent crime by street gangs.
The model was developed through the Comprehensive Gang Initiative initiated by the Bureau of Justice Assistance. The model is intended for use by police, other law enforcement agencies, and public and private organizations. The model rests on three principles: (1) adaptability to a variety of gang-related problems and a variety of jurisdictions; (2) flexibility; and (3) the use of a multifaceted approach by government, private agencies, and community participation. Central features of the model are its focus on harmful behaviors, continuous diagnosis of problems, coordination of responses, performance monitoring, impact evaluation, and adaptation to change. The model uses a comprehensive, four-stage problem-solving approach that includes scanning to identify problems, analysis, response, and assessment. The model is a dynamic, ongoing process that provides guidance in examining a problem and determining what factors allow the problem to persist. Figure, appended problem-solving worksheet and list of sources of further information, and 20 references