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Advanced Framework for Digital Forensic Technologies and Procedures

NCJ Number
Journal of Forensic Sciences Volume: 55 Issue: 6 Dated: November 2010 Pages: 1471-1480
Denis Trcek, Ph.D.; Habtamu Abie, Ph.D.; Asmund Skomedal, Ph.D.; Iztok Stare, B.Sc.
Date Published
November 2010
10 pages
This paper provides appropriate a holistic framework to foster an internationally agreed upon approach in digital forensics along with necessary improvements.
.Recent trends in global networks are leading toward service-oriented architectures and sensor networks. On one hand of the spectrum, this means deployment of services from numerous providers to form new service composites, and on the other hand this means emergence of Internet of things. Both these kinds belong to a plethora of realms and can be deployed in many ways, which will pose serious problems in cases of abuse. Consequently, both trends increase the need for new approaches to digital forensics that would furnish admissible evidence for litigation. Because technology alone is clearly not sufficient, it has to be adequately supported by appropriate investigative procedures, which have yet become a subject of an international consensus. It is based on a top-down approach, starting with legal, continuing with organizational, and ending with technical issues. More precisely, the paper presents a new architectural technological solution that addresses the core forensic principles at its roots. It deploys so-called leveled message authentication codes and digital signatures to provide data integrity in a way that significantly eases forensic investigations into attacked systems in their operational state. Further, using a top-down approach a conceptual framework for forensics readiness is given, which provides levels of abstraction and procedural guides embellished with a process model that allow investigators perform routine investigations, without becoming overwhelmed by low-level details. As low-level details should not be left out, the framework is further evaluated to include these details to allow organizations to configure their systems for proactive collection and preservation of potential digital evidence in a structured manner. The main reason behind this approach is to stimulate efforts on an internationally agreed "template legislation," similarly to model law in the area of electronic commerce, which would enable harmonized national implementations in the area of digital forensics. (Published Abstract)


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