U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government, Department of Justice.

Analysis of Forensically Used Autosomal Short Tandem Repeat Markers in Polish and Neighboring Populations

NCJ Number
Forensic Science International: Genetics Volume: 2 Issue: 3 Dated: June 2008 Pages: 205-211
Ireneusz Soltyszewski; Andrzej Plocienniczak; Has Ake Fabricius; Igor Kornienko; Dmitrij Vodolazhsky; Walter Parson; Roman Hradil; Hermann Schmitter; Pavel Ivanov; Piotr Kuzniar; Boris A. Malyarchuk; Tomasz Grzybowski; Marcin Wozniak; Jurgen Henke; Lotte Henke; Sergiv Olkhovets; Vladimir Voitenko; Vita Lagus; Andrej Ficek; Gabriel Minarik; Peter de Knijff; Krzysztof Rebala; Joanna Wysocka; Ewa Kapinska; Alexei I. Mikulich; Iosif S. Tsybovsky; Zofia Sczerkowska; Pawel Krajewski; Rafal Ploski; Lidia Cybulska
Date Published
June 2008
7 pages
This study assessed the homogeneity of Polish populations regarding short tandem repeat sets (STRs) chosen as core markers of the Polish Forensic National DNA Intelligence Database, as well as to provide reference allele frequencies and to explore the genetic interrelationship between Poland and neighboring countries.
The study found that the present-day Polish population is homogenous; whereas, consistent and significant differences were found between Polish and German populations that contrasted with relative similarities between Russian and German populations. These distinctions between genetic and geographic distances were confirmed by analysis of an independent dataset on Y chromosome STRs. Explanations offered for these findings include historic migrations of Goths (a Germanic people), Viking influences, and/or forced population resettlements and other events related to World War II. The allele frequency distribution of 10 STRs included in the SGMplus kit was analyzed among 2,176 unrelated individuals from 6 regional Polish populations and among 4,321 individuals from Germany (3 samples), Austria, the Netherlands, Sweden, the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Belarus, Ukraine, and the Russian Federation (6 samples). The statistical approach consisted of AMOVA (the analysis of molecular variance), calculation of pairwise Rst values, and analysis by multidimensional scaling. 3 tables, 3 figures, appendix, and 18 references