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Application of Situational Crime Prevention to Terrorist Hostage Taking and Kidnapping: A Case Study of 23 Korean Hostages in Afghanistan (From Reducing Terrorism Through Situational Crime Prevention, P 111-139, 2009, Joshua D. Freilich and Graeme R. Newman, eds., see NCJ-229596)
This chapter presents the results of a study that examined how situational crime prevention can be applied to terrorist hostage taking and kidnapping.
This study examines the applicability of Situational Crime Prevention (SP) to terrorist hostage taking and kidnapping. In doing so, the current study integrates the SCP model with script theory to explain the temporal mental map of the terrorist hostage takers and provide a theoretical guide to developing SCP measures. The study specifically focuses on the 23 Korean hostages in Afghanistan to examine the feasibility of the application of the SCP model. Qualitative content analysis on newspapers and media reports was used to conduct the case study. Situational factors which significantly influenced the Taliban hostage takers' decision making in each temporal stage of the event were identified and various SCP measures were suggested. The limitations of the study are also discussed. References (Published Abstract)