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Blueprints for Violence Prevention, Book Five: Life Skills Training

NCJ Number
G J Botvin; S F Mihalic; J K Grotpeter
D S Elliott
Date Published
125 pages
This volume describes research aimed at identifying 10 model programs proven effective for violence prevention; describes the 10 programs selected from the more than 400 reviewed; and details the goals, targeted risk and protective factors, design, and other aspects of Life Skills Training, one of the model programs selected.
The document is intended as a practical reference to allow interested persons, agencies, and communities to make an informed decision about a program's appropriateness for their local situation, needs, and available resources. An introduction notes that demand for effective violence and crime prevention programs has never been greater, but most programs being used have not been evaluated. Therefore, a collaborative effort was conducted to identify 10 violence prevention programs that met a high scientific standard of program effectiveness, based on their strong research design, data indicating significant deterrent effects, sustained effects, and multiple site replication. The project included plans for a technical assistance and monitoring component. The Life Skills Training (LST) program is a 3-year intervention designed to prevent or reduce the use of tobacco, alcohol, and marijuana. It is mainly implemented in school classrooms by school teachers, starting in grade 6 or 7, depending on the school structure. The program includes 15 sessions in year 1, 10 sessions in year 2, and 5 sessions in year 3. Sessions last an average of 45 minutes. Results of more than 12 studies consistently reveal that LST substantially reduces tobacco, alcohol, and marijuana use; is effective with a diverse range of adolescents; produces results that are long-lasting; and is effective when taught by teachers, peer leaders, or health professionals. Tables, appended program materials, reference notes, and 84 references