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Conditions and Programming for Juveniles in Correctional Facilities

NCJ Number
Richard E. Redding J.D.
Date Published
7 pages
This paper reviews the conditions of confinement and programming for juveniles in both juvenile and adult correctional facilities through prior studies and research.
With juveniles serving sentences in both juvenile and adult correctional facilities, sometimes under a blended sentencing scheme, this paper reviews the conditions and programming afforded to juveniles in both correctional facilities through a review of prior research studies dating from 1980 to 2000. Studies revealed the conditions and programming for juveniles left much to be desired in adult, as well as in juvenile correctional facilities. For juveniles incarcerated in adult facilities, there was evidence of juveniles being subjected to sexual and physical abuse from both inmates and guards and fewer treatment and educational services were available. Most prison staff are not trained to counsel, educate, or case manage juveniles and pediatric medical care was often not provided. Recommendations were made for further research on the programming and services provided to juveniles in adult correctional facilities, as well as research to evaluate how differences between adult and juvenile correctional facilities impact juveniles' psychological and behavioral adjustment on the inside of the facility and after release, and new programs for handling juveniles in the adult correctional system require evaluation and refinement. References