It is clear that the creation of new drugs through chemical synthesis to achieve effects similar to existing illicit drugs must be criminalized if the rationale for current drug laws is not to be undermined. The hasty passage of the Controlled Substance Analogue Enforcement Act of 1986, however, resulted in its being more poorly drafted than either the House or Senate version, with potential ramifications unintended by Congress. Despite these failings, it achieves its purpose of criminalizing even the original syntheses of a chemical which its designer hopes will have the effects necessary to become a successful illicit drug. These considerations make it unlikely that the U.S. Supreme Court will strike down the Controlled Substance Analogue Enforcement Act, despite its vague wording and potential for arbitrary and discriminatory enforcement. 244 footnotes.