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Cops or Watchmen Policy Considerations in the Role of Campus Security

NCJ Number
Campus Law Enforcement Journal Volume: 19 Issue: 1 Dated: (January-February 1989) Pages: 38-39
M C Smith
Date Published
At many colleges and universities campus policing has an uncertain mission and identity, although campus crime is rampant.
The Uniform Crime Reports annually record more than 100,000 thefts and burglaries and 2,500 crimes of serious personal violence on campuses, although only about 20 percent of the campuses submit data to the FBI. The campus security force often stands alone in responding to the campus crime problem. A useful model for campus policing would be a combination of conventional police and the principles of industrial security. This model would work for all but the smallest and most unusual types of campuses. Campus officers should be called police and have the same training requirements, legal powers, and professional expectations as the best municipal police departments. Campus security operations should also include a skilled detective force. Campus security agencies should also place an equal emphasis on protective and loss-prevention activities. The sophisticated approaches in use in industrial security programs offer possible models. With the use of all these techniques, campus police agencies will achieve their mission of a stable and predictable campus environment in which education may be pursued without crime or fear of crime.