This report identifies "good practices" (found effective in formal evaluations) and "promising initiatives" (approved by practitioners and experts but have not been formally evaluated) in the region of Central and Eastern Europe and the Commonwealth of Independent States (CEE/CIS), with attention to the following countries: Azerbaijan, Turkey, Albania, Serbia, Kosovo, Moldova, Tajikistan, TFYR Macedonia, Montenegro, Georgia, and Ukraine.
In countries of CEE/CIS, UNICEF responds to requests by governments for normative guidance and high-quality policy expertise in support of juvenile justice system reforms that are tailored to each country's needs. The UNICEF Regional Office for CEE/CIS has developed a concept of Critical Mass (CM), whereby a group of countries that has developed experience and/or momentum in a particular field is encouraged to work with a common set of objectives and priorities; strengthen its approaches; document and share its experience and lessons learned; draw upon expertise and networks; and use evaluation for direction and correction. Through a consultative process begun in 2008, this current report presents good practices and promising initiatives in specific countries of the region. The focus areas featured in this report by country are children in conflict with the law under the minimum age for prosecution as a juvenile; diversion; alternatives to custodial measures; budgeting for juvenile justice reform; and monitoring and accountability. In addition, legislative reform and legal aid are reviewed for five of the countries in the region.
UNICEF Regional Office for CEE/CIS
Palais des Nations, 1211 Geneva 10, Switzerland