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Implementing a Patrol-driven Intelligence Officer program: A Policing Innovation Trial

NCJ Number
Policing-a Journal of Policy and Practice Dated: April 2022
A. J. Bottema; W. Rountree-Jackson; C. W. Telep
Date Published
April 2022

This article utilizes data from the IO Programme to examine the importance of the police-university partnership in expanding the programme and the success of two critical areas of the programme: the training of patrol officers and their contribution to the successful application of intelligence.


Intelligence-led policing focuses on using intelligence and analysis to reduce, address, and prevent crime or other forms of harm through a wide array of strategies. Traditionally, this has been associated with a top-down approach. A collaborative effort by the Phoenix Police Department and Arizona State University sought to take an innovative approach by introducing a patrol-driven programme: the Intelligence Officer (IO) Programme. 

Generally, surveys demonstrate high receptivity to the basic and advanced IO Programme training. Daily logs and IO reports also indicate that the IO Programme has tangible benefits with great potential for success. The implications of these findings and potential avenues for research are discussed.