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Importance of Parenting in the Development of Self-Control in Boys and Girls: Results From a Multinational Study of Youth

NCJ Number
Journal of Criminal Justice Volume: 43 Issue: 2 Dated: March-April 2015 Pages: 133-141
Ekaterina Botchkovar; Ineke Haen Marshall; Michael Rocque; Chad Posick
Date Published
April 2015
9 pages
Using self-report data from a cross-national study of 7th, 8th, and 9th graders (N = 67, 883) in 30 countries, this study assessed the cultural generality of self-control theory and its predictions linking parenting to self-control.
The study focused on the relationship between gender and self-control, assessed the contribution of various parenting strategies to the development of self-control in males and females, and gauged the importance of parenting as an explanation for the established gender gap in self-control. Overall, the results suggest that the development of self-control is a complex process likely affected by multiple factors, some of which may be culture-specific. Supporting self-control theory across all country clusters, males demonstrated lower levels of self-control than females. Furthermore, parenting strategies had a modest effect on self-control in both male and female groups in all cultural contexts; however, the statistically significant differences in the parenting of sons and daughters was limited to post-Socialist, Mediterranean, and Western countries; and in these regions, the contribution of gendered parenting to the gender gap in self-control was minimal. OLS regression was used to evaluate these causal links. (Publisher abstract modified)